Here is a list of the top 10 most commonly used spices in Thai cuisine:
- Galangal – a root similar to ginger, used for its distinctive flavor and aroma in soups and curry pastes
- Lemongrass – a citrusy herb used to add flavor to soups, curries, and stir-fries
- Kaffir lime leaves – used to add a citrus flavor to dishes, often used in soups and curries
- Coriander – both the seeds and leaves are used in Thai cooking, adding a floral and citrusy flavor
- Cumin – used to add a warm and earthy flavor to dishes
- Turmeric – gives dishes a yellow color and adds a warm, slightly bitter flavor
- Cardamom – a sweet and aromatic spice used in desserts and drinks
- Cloves – add a warm and sweet flavor to dishes, often used in rice and curry pastes
- Star anise – adds a sweet and licorice-like flavor to dishes
- Chili peppers – used to add heat and flavor to many Thai dishes, often used in curry pastes and sauces.
These spices are often used in combination with each other to create the complex and delicious flavors that are characteristic of Thai cuisine.